Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day 2013

Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day

  •   Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day 2013
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    ​Defiance and Rebellion during the Holocaust: 70 Years Since the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising​​​​​​​​​​
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    Yad Vashem - The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority Yad Vashem - The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority
    Yad Vashem - The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority
     
    Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day (Yom Hashoah in Hebrew) is a national day of commemoration in Israel, on which the six million Jews murdered in the Holocaust are memorialized. It is a solemn day, beginning at sunset on the 27th of the month of Nisan (April 18, 2012) and ending the following evening, according to the traditional Jewish custom of marking a day. Places of entertainment are closed and memorial ceremonies are held throughout the country.

    The central ceremonies, in the evening and the following morning, are held at Yad Vashem and are broadcast on the television. Marking the start of the day - in the presence of the President of the State of Israel and the Prime Minister, dignitaries, survivors, children of survivors and their families, gather together with the general public to take part in the memorial ceremony at Yad Vashem in which six torches, representing the six million murdered Jews, are lit.

    The following morning, the ceremony at Yad Vashem begins with the sounding of a siren for two minutes throughout the entire country. For the duration of the sounding, work is halted, people walking in the streets stop, cars pull off to the side of the road and everybody stands at silent attention in reverence to the victims of the Holocaust. Afterward, the focus of the ceremony at Yad Vashem is the laying of wreaths at the foot of the six torches, by dignitaries and the representatives of survivor groups and institutions. Other sites of remembrance in Israel, such as the Ghetto Fighters' Kibbutz and Kibbutz Yad Mordechai, also host memorial ceremonies, as do schools, military bases, municipalities and places of work.

    Central theme for this year: Defiance and Rebellion during the Holocaust: 70 Years Since the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

    The Warsaw Ghetto uprising began on the first night of Passover, 19 April 1943. By that time, 50,000 Jews were left in the ghetto following mass death by disease and starvation and the deportation of 265,000 men, women and children to Treblinka. Alongside the members of two underground networks (the Jewish Combat Organization and the Jewish Military Union), all of the surviving Jews in the ghetto resisted the enemy in order to defy their murderers, although they knew they had little chance of survival. They fought with utmost courage and resolve, with little means and no outside support, fighting the Nazis for almost a month, until they were brutally suppressed.

    The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising became a universal symbol of the heroic struggle by a handful of people in impossible conditions against genocidal oppression.

     

    Yisrael Gutman was born in Warsaw in 1923. His parents and older sister perished in the ghetto, and his younger sister was a member of Janusz Korczak's orphanage. As a member of the Jewish Underground in the Warsaw ghetto, Yisrael Gutman was wounded in the uprising. After the war he helped in the rehabilitation of survivors, was active in the Bericha movement, and immigrated to Palestine in 1946. A world-renowned scholar of Holocaust studies, Prof. Gutman has dedicated his life to studying the Holocaust and perpetuating its lessons for the next generations.


    "Unto Every Person There is a Name"

    Six million Jews, among them 1.5 million children, were murdered in the Shoah while the world remained silent. The worldwide Holocaust memorial project "Unto Every Person There is a Name" is a unique project designed to perpetuate their memory as individuals and restore their identity and dignity, through the public recitation of their names on Yom Hashoah - Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day. By personalizing the individual tragedies of the Jewish victims of Nazi Germany and its collaborators, this project counters persistent efforts by enemies of the State of Israel and the Jewish people to deny the reality of the Holocaust and cast it as history’s seminal hoax.

    "Everyone has a name" - Poem by Zelda
    [translated from Hebrew]

    Everyone has a name
    given to him by God
    and given to him by his parents.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by his stature
    and the way he smiles.
    and given to him by his clothing
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by the mountains
    and given to him by the walls.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by the stars
    and given to him by his neighbors.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by his sins
    and given to him by his longing.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by his enemies
    and given to him by his love.
    Everyone has a name 
    given to him by his holidays
    and given to him by his work.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by the seasons
    and given to him by his blindness.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by the sea and
    given to him
    by his death.

    "Unto Every Person There is a Name" is conducted around the world in hundreds of Jewish communities through the efforts of four major Jewish organizations: B'nai B'rith International, Nativ, the World Jewish Congress and the World Zionist Organization. The project is coordinated by Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority, in consultation with the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs and enjoys the official auspices of the President of the State of Israel Shimon Peres. In Israel, "Unto Every Person There is a Name" has become an integral part of the official Yom Hashoah commemoration ceremonies, with the central events held at the Knesset and at Yad Vashem with the participation of elected officials, as well as events throughout the country.

    Lists of names​

     

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