Holocaust Remembrance Day 2014

Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day

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    ​​Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day (Yom Hashoah in Hebrew) is a national day of commemoration in Israel, on which the six million Jews murdered in the Holocaust are memorialized. It is a solemn day, beginning at sunset on the 27th of the month of Nisan and ending the following evening. Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day 2014 will be on Monday, 28 April. The State opening ceremony will be held at the Yad Vashem museum on Sunday, 27 April at 20:00. 


    Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day (Yom Hashoah) 2014, marks 70 years since 1944, a year of massive upheaval and significance during the Holocaust. The expression "on the edge", taken from Nathan Alterman's poem Joy of the Poor, very aptly expresses the feeling which prevailed that year among the Jews of Europe, who were in the throes of a double race on which their very lives depended. Events were occurring very swiftly, one after the other, raising serious questions in their wake.

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    Ceremonies
    The central ceremonies, in the evening and the following morning, are held at the Yad Vashem museum and are broadcast on TV. Marking the start of the day - in the presence of the President of the State of Israel and the Prime Minister, dignitaries, survivors, children of survivors and their families, gather together with the general public to take part in the memorial ceremony at Yad Vashem in which six torches, representing the six million murdered Jews, are lit.

    The following morning, the ceremony at Yad Vashem begins with the sounding of a siren for two minutes throughout the entire country. For the duration of the sounding, work is halted, people walking in the streets stop, cars pull off to the side of the road and everybody stands at silent attention in reverence to the victims of the Holocaust. Afterward, the focus of the ceremony at Yad Vashem is the laying of wreaths at the foot of the six torches, by dignitaries and the representatives of survivor groups and institutions. Other sites of remembrance in Israel, such as the Ghetto Fighters' Kibbutz and Kibbutz Yad Mordechai, also host memorial ceremonies, as do schools, military bases, municipalities and places of work.


    Holocaust survivor Eliezer Lev-Zion tells his story

    Eliezer Lev-Zion was born in 1927 in Berlin, Germany, as Oskar-Eliezer Lewinsohn. His father, Nathan, was a journalist, and his mother, Franscheska, a doctor who managed a Jewish orphanage. A month after the Nazis came to power, Oskar's father was arrested and disappeared. Heavily pregnant, Franscheska fled to France together with Eliezer, settling in Lyon. A month later, Eliezer's brother Marcel Gideon was born.

    In November 1942, the Germans occupied southern France, and Eliezer was arrested for holding counterfeit identification documents. After his release, he joined the Jewish underground. 

    For three and a half years, Eliezer wandered from place to place. In February 1944, Eliezer met his mother and brother in Grenoble -- but the Gestapo stormed their meeting place and seized Franscheska and Marcel. Eliezer managed to escape but his brother and mother were deported and murdered in Auschwitz.

    In 1946, Eliezer sailed for Eretz Israel. After fighting in the War of Independence, he established a farm. He has also worked as an agriculture instructor, acclimatizing plants, and managed greenhouses and forest-planting projects of the Jewish National Fund. He has three children, seven grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren.

     
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    "Unto Every Person There is a Name"

    Six million Jews, among them 1.5 million children, were murdered in the Shoah while the world remained silent. The worldwide Holocaust memorial project "Unto Every Person There is a Name" is a unique project designed to perpetuate their memory as individuals and restore their identity and dignity, through the public recitation of their names on Yom Hashoah - Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day. By personalizing the individual tragedies of the Jewish victims of Nazi Germany and its collaborators, this project counters persistent efforts by enemies of the State of Israel and the Jewish people to deny the reality of the Holocaust and cast it as history’s seminal hoax.

    "Everyone has a name" - Poem by Zelda
    [translated from Hebrew]

    Everyone has a name
    given to him by God
    and given to him by his parents.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by his stature
    and the way he smiles.
    and given to him by his clothing
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by the mountains
    and given to him by the walls.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by the stars
    and given to him by his neighbors.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by his sins
    and given to him by his longing.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by his enemies
    and given to him by his love.
    Everyone has a name 
    given to him by his holidays
    and given to him by his work.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by the seasons
    and given to him by his blindness.
    Everyone has a name
    given to him by the sea and
    given to him
    by his death.

    "Unto Every Person There is a Name" is conducted around the world in hundreds of Jewish communities through the efforts of four major Jewish organizations: B'nai B'rith International, Nativ, the World Jewish Congress and the World Zionist Organization. The project is coordinated by Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority, in consultation with the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs and enjoys the official auspices of the President of the State of Israel Shimon Peres. In Israel, "Unto Every Person There is a Name" has become an integral part of the official Yom Hashoah commemoration ceremonies, with the central events held at the Knesset and at Yad Vashem with the participation of elected officials, as well as events throughout the country.

    Lists of names​​

 

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