Christians in israel

I cristiani in Israele

  •   Central Bureau of Statistics report, December 2011
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    Introduction

    Select data on Christian population (at the end of 2010):

    Marriage and fertility

    Households and families

    Employment

    Education - Christian students

    Achievements in the matriculation examinations

    Higher education and science

     

    Introduction

     

    On Christmas Eve 2011 there were 154,500 Christians living in Israel, who constitute 2% of the population of the State of Israel. (The estimate is temporary and does not include the Christians among the foreign workers living in Israel, who are not citizens). 80.4% of the Christians in Israel were Christians of Arab ethnicity; the remainder were mainly Christians who immigrated to Israel with Jewish members of their families mainly from the former Soviet Union.

     

    Most of the Christians of Arab ethnicity live in the north of the country, whereas Christians of other ethnicities are spread throughout the various districts.

     

     

    Northern

    District

    Haifa

    District

    Jerusalem

    District

    Southern District

    Central and Tel Aviv District

    Christians

    of Arab ethnicity

    71,4%

    12.7%

    9.5%

    -

    -

    Other Christians

    34%

     

    11.6%

    14%

    39%

     

    The towns with the largest Christian populations of Arab ethnicity were:

    Nazareth (about 22,200), Haifa (13,800), Jerusalem (11,600) and Shfaram (9,300).

     

    The largest communities of Christians of other ethnicity were concentrated in the three large cities: Haifa (3,300), Jerusalem (3,000) and Tel Aviv (2,800).

     

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    Select data on Christian population (at the end of 2010):

     

    The composition of ages in the Christian population differs from that of the Muslim population, and is more similar to the composition of ages in the Jewish population.

     

    Age of population

    0-19

    65 >

    Christians

    30.4%

    9.8%

    Jews

    33.2%

    11.6%

    Muslims

    49.7%

    3.5%

     

    Rate of growth

    %

    Christians of Arab Ethnicity

    Other Christians

    Christian Population

    0.9

    -1

    -0.7

    Jewish Population

    1.7

     

     

    Muslim Population

    2.7

     

     

     

     

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    Marriage and fertility

     

    758 Christian couples were married in Israel in 2009, most of them Christians of Arab ethnicity.

     

    Median Age of first marriage

     

    Christian

    Jew

    Druze

    Muslim

    Brides

    24.5

    25.5

    21.5

    20.5

    Grooms

    29.1

    27.5

    27.1

    25.5

     

    In 2010, 2,511 children were born to Christian women, of whom 79% were Christians of Arab ethnicity (1,985 children) and 526 Christian Women of different ethnicity.

     

    Mother

    born in Israel

    Mother

    born in former Soviet Union

    Mother

    born in

    Ethiopia

    Mother

    born in the Philippines

    Mother

    born in Romania

    Mother

    born in other countries

    10%

    40%

    15%

    8%

    7%

    20%

     

     

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    Households and families

     

    In 2010, there were about 60,000 households in Israel headed by a Christian (of which 48,000 were households of Christian Arabs), which constituted about 3% of all households in Israel.

     

    Size of average household

     

    Christian

    Jewish

    Muslim

    Persons

    3.5

    3.1

    5.0

     

    Since 1992, the size of the average Christian household has decreased from 4.2 to 3.5 persons. One of the causes contributing to this change is the addition of Christians who immigrated from the former Soviet Union, who are characterized by relatively small households.

     

    In 68% of the households headed by a Christian, the head of the household was a Christian Arab. The average size of these households is 3.7 persons.

     

    About 52,000 of the Christian households (85%) are “family” households, which encompass at least one family; the non-family households, in which one person lives alone or in which a number of unrelated persons live, constitute about 15% of the Christian households.

     

     

    Christian

    Jew

    Muslim

    Family Households

    85%

    78%

    95%

    Non-family households

    15%

    22%

    5%

     

     

    In Israel, about 53,000 Christian families, half of all the Christian families, are families of a couple with at least one child up to the age 17, a rate that is similar to the Jewish families (45%) and compared with 71% of the Muslim families.

     

    The average number of children up to age 17 in Christian families with children up to that age is 2.2, similar to the Jewish families (2.3) and lower than the Muslims (3.1).

     

     

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    Employment

     

    The percentage of participation in the civilian workforce among Christians age 15 and over was 58.0%. This percentage among Christians of Arab ethnicity was 52.4%. In comparison, the percentage of participation among Jews was 60.6%.

     

     

    Christians

    Christians of Arab Ethnicity

    Jews

    Total

    58.0%

    52.4%

    60.6%

    Men

    64.2%

    62.1%

    62.4%

    Women

    52.0%

    42.7%

    58.8%

     

     

    Christians

    Christians of Arab Ethnicity

    Employment rate (employed persons age 15 and over)

    55.1%

    50.1%

     

    men

    women

    men

    women

     

    61.2%

    49.4%

    59.3%

    41.0%

     

     

    Christians

    Christians of Arab Ethnicity

    Jews

    Unemployment rate

    4.9%

    4.3%

    6.5%

     

    men

    women

    men

    women

    Men

    Women

     

    4.8%

    5.1%

    4.5%

    4.0%

    6.6%

    6.3%

     

    In 48,300 Christian households there was at least one employed person.

     

     

    Total number

    With one employed person

    With two or more employed persons

    Christian households

    48,300

    19,400

    28,900

    Christian household of Arab ethnicity

    31,500

    12,800

    18,700

     

     

     

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    Education - Christian students

    Elementary and post-elementary students - 2010-2011

     

    The number of Christian students in primary and post primary education is 28,400, constituting 1.9% of all active students. The vast majority (88.3%) of Christian students are of Arab ethnicity.

     

     

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    Achievements in the matriculation examinations

     

    Over the years, the Christians of Arab ethnicity have had the highest rates of success in the matriculation examinations, both in comparison to the Muslims and the Druze and in comparison to all students in the Jewish education system.

    The Christian Arabs also had higher rates of accessibility to higher education than the other groups.

     

     

     

    Christians of Arab ethnicity

    Druze

    Muslims

    Jews

    12th grade students who earned a matriculation certificate in 2010

    63%

    55%

    46%

    58%

    Students who earned matriculation certificates that met the admission requirements for the universities

    56%

    39%

    33%

    49%

     

     

     

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    Higher education and science

    Christian students - 2009-2010

     

    In the 2010 school year, there were 5,300 Christian students, constituting 1.8% of all students in the institutions of higher education in Israel.

     

    Among the Christian students, 92.3% were Arabs (4,900 students) and 7.7% were new immigrants who arrived under the Law of Return (400 students).

     

     

    Students in

    Christians

    % of Total

    Active students

    % of Christians of

    Arab Ethnicity

    Primary and Post primary Education

    28,400

    1.9

    88.3

    Higher Education

    5,300

    1.8

    92.3

     

     

    towards

    Bachelor’s degree

     

    (compared to all the students)

    towards

    Master’s degree

     

    (compared to all the students)

    towards

    Doctorate

     

    (compared to all the students)

    % of Christian Students studying

    82.7%

    (2.0%)

    14.9%

    (1.6%)

    2.4%

    (1.2%)

     

     

    University

    Open University

    Academic Colleges

    Academic Colleges of Education (Teachers’)

    % of Christian students in

    54.5

    11

    21.8

    12.7

    % compared to all Students

    2.4

    1.3

    1.3

    2.4

     

    Among Christians Arab students studying toward a bachelor’s degree, the main subject was law (11.4%) and after that came social sciences (9.3%), nursing (4.8%), economics (4.5%), business administration (3.7%), computer science (3.7%), general studies in the humanities (3.5%), electrical engineering (2.7%) and English language and literature (2.5%).

     

     

    bachelor’s degree

    master’s degree

    doctorate

    median age of Christian students of Arab ethnicity studying toward a

    22.3

    27.9

    32.8

    compared with all the students

    25.3

    30.4

    33.4

     

     

    Bachelor’s degree

    Master’s degree

    Doctorate

     

    Women

    All

    Women

    All

    Women

    All

    Christian students

    of Arab ethnicity

    63.0%

    55.9%

    67.9%

    57.9%

    53.8%

    52.7%

     

     

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