The birthplace of the Jewish people is the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel). There, a significant part of the nations long history was enacted, of which the first thousand years are recorded in the Bible. There, its cultural, religious and national identity was formed and its physical presence has been maintained through the centuries, even after the majority was forced into exile. During the many years of dispersion, the Jewish people never severed nor forgot its bond with the Land.
With the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, Jewish independence, lost two thousand years earlier, was renewed.