(Source: Central Bureau of Statistics)
In the course of the past two decades, higher education in Israel has been
expanding - from 21 academic institutions with 88,800 students in 1989/90 to
70 institutions with 306,600 students in 2011/12. The overall
study body increased by an average of 5.8 percent eaceh year, stemming primarily
from the opening of academic colleges.
In the 2011/12 academic year, the number of new (first-year) bachelor's
students remained stable in universities but increased significantly in
colleges. The population of master's students grew in all the academic
frameworks and especially in colleges.
The most common fields of study in Israel are, among bachelor's students
- the humanities and social sciences; among master's students - the humanities
as well as business and management; and among doctorate students - the natural
sciences and mathematics.
Women in Israel were a majority among those studying for
each of the degrees: 56.1% for a bachelor's degree, 59.8% for a master's degree
and 52.4% for a doctorate.
Architecture and urban planning as well as medicine were the academic
subjects in highest demand among candidates relative to the supply of available
Among new bachelor's students, the highest average psychometric exam grade
was achieved by those studying medicine - 742 points (medical studies take place
only in the universities). The lowest average psychometric grade in universities
was recorded among new students studying towards a multi-disciplinary degree in
the social sciences (447 points), and in colleges - among those studying
education (377 points).
Sixty percent of young people in Israel are expected to begin studies
towards a bachelor's degree in the course of their life. The difference
in rates between women and men was significant (66% versus 53%).