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Backgrounders

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    ​Background information on Israel in various areas.
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  • Energy Overview

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    With an excess of 30 trillion cubic feet of natural gas discovered since 2009, Israel now enjoys historic opportunities to produce domestic, affordable, and secure energy. As a result, Israel, like many countries around the world, is encouraging a transition to natural gas as the primary energy source, with the many advantages it offers the consumer, the economy, and the environment: reduced cost of electricity generation and of industrial products, less air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, greater market competition and promotion of exports, strengthening of Israel’s economy, etc.

  • Theater Overview

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    ​Hebrew theater, unlike literature, did not exist in ancient Hebrew culture, nor did it grow out of the Yiddish theater so popular in Eastern European Jewish communities up to World War II. It began with the founding in 1917 of a Hebrew theater, Habimah (The Stage) in Moscow, under the guidance of Russian director Constantin Stanislavsky and with the acting talent of Hanna Rovina (1892-1980), who later became the 'First Lady of Hebrew Theater.' In 1931, the company set up its permanent home in Tel Aviv.
  • Cinema Overview

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    ​Filmmaking in Israel has undergone major developments since its inception in the 1950s.
    Cinema exports are growing as more Israeli-made films become successful abroad and more dollar-earning foreign and co-productions are filmed on location in the country. The Israel Film Center, a division of the Ministry of Industry, Trade, and Labor, promotes filmmaking in Israel by both local and foreign producers and provides services, from arranging professional contacts to offering financial incentives.
  • Music Overview

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    ​Music began to occupy an important place in the cultural life of the Jewish community in the Land of Israel after World War I, with various attempts made by enthusiastic amateurs and a tiny cadre of trained musicians at forming a symphony orchestra, a choral society and even an opera company.
  • Dance Overview

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    ​In the communal and religious life of the Jewish people, dance has been regarded as an expression of joy and sorrow since biblical times and is today an integral part of religious, national, community, and family celebrations. Contemporary dance has developed in two directions: expansion of the folk dance genre which accompanied the early settlers in the rebuilding of their ancient homeland; and the establishment of art dance, leading to stage productions created by professional choreographers and performed by trained dancers.
  • Sports Overview

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    ​Since the establishment of the State of Israel, sports have played an increasingly important role in the development of the country both at home and on the international stage. Despite its small population, Israel's athletes regularly make an impact.